HAY CULTURE. In Texas much agricultural land is devoted to forage-crop production. This acreage supplies the total feed requirements of most of the state's large domestic livestock as well as forage for game animals. Hay accounts for most of the forage-crop production in the state. Hay production in Texas was insufficient to supply the state's needs from the 1850s until the beginning of the twentieth century. Alfalfa was introduced in 1884, and its culture spread rapidly over the state.